Dr Klaus Glenk

Research Interests

  • Environmental valuation
  • Choices and behaviours of farmers and consumers

Within environmental economics, I focus on valuation of natural resources and ecosystem goods and services. Particular research interests include methodological developments in choice experiments and in benefit transfer, the incorporation of risk, uncertainty and ambiguity into valuation methods and contract design for public good provision. I have conducted applied research in various policy contexts including climate change mitigation and adaptation, biodiversity conservation and freshwater and coastal management.


  • Diplom Forstwissenschaften (Univ.) (Forestry Science), Technische Universität München, Germany 2003
  • Dr. scientiarum agrariarum (Agricultural Science), Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany 2006

Research Projects

The Adaptation Sub-Committee of the Committee on Climate Change, UK (2012/13)
Assessing the type and level of adaptation action required to address climate risks in the ‘vulnerability hotspots’ – sub-section on coastal managed realignment.

Valuing Nature Network - NERC (2011-12)
Valuing the impacts of ecosystem service interactions for policy effectiveness
Assessing and valuing peatland ecosystem services for sustainable management

Scottish Government (2011-16)
Assessing the value of ecosystem services (WP1.2)
Understanding land managers’ attitudes and behaviour towards the management of environmental assets and responding to climate change (WP3.6)
Optimising the delivery of multiple benefits from land use (WP3.5)

NERC-DFID (2011-2012)
The Potential of Small-Scale Biogas Digesters to Improve Livelihoods and Long Term Sustainability of Ecosystem Services in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (2010)
Socio-Economic Data on Scottish Soils – a Scoping Study.

Building research capacity on ecosystem services in semi-arid Africa.

Defra (2009)
Review of Methodologies for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD).

Scottish Government; Programme 3 – Environment – Land Use and Rural Stewardship (2006-2011)
Economics of soil carbon sequestration (WP3.3.1)
Understanding preferences for adaptation options to climate change induced changes in river flows (WP3.5.1)
Benefit estimation of EU Water Framework Directive implementation (WP 3.5.1)

Selected Publications

  • Colombo, S., Glenk, K. & B. Rocamora-Montiel (2015). Analysis of choice inconsistencies in on-line choice experiments: impact on welfare measures. European Review of Agricultural Economics. DOI:10.1093/erae/jbv016. Full Text
  • Meyerhoff, J. & K. Glenk (2015). Learning how to choose – effects of instructional choice sets in discrete choice experiments. Resource and Energy Economics 41, 122-142. Full Text
  • Liebe, U., Glenk, K., Oehlmann, M. & J. Meyerhoff (2015). Does the use of mobile devices (tablets and smartphones) affect survey quality and choice behaviour in web surveys? Journal of Choice Modelling 14, 17-31. Full Text
  • Martin-Ortega, J., Jorda-Capdevila, D., Glenk, K. & K. Holstead (2015). What defines ecosystem services-based approaches?. In: J. Martin-Ortega, R. C. Ferrier, I. J. Gordon & S. Khan (eds.), Water Ecosystem Services: A Global Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Full Text
  • Glenk, K., Martin-Ortega, J., Pulido-Velazquez, M. & J. Potts (2015). Inferring Attribute Non-attendance from Discrete Choice Experiments: Implications for Benefit Transfer. Environmental and Resource Economics 60, 497-520. Full Text
  • McVittie, A., Norton, L., Martin-Ortega, J., Siameti, I., Glenk, K. & I. Aalders (2015): Operationalizing an ecosystem services approach using Bayesian Belief Networks: An application to riparian buffer strips. Ecological Economics 110, 15-27. Full Text
  • Baulcomb, C., Fletcher, R., Lewis, A., von Almen, A., Akoglu, E., Hussain, S. & K. Glenk (2015): A Pathway to Identifying & Valuing Cultural Ecosystem Services: An Application to Marine Food Webs. Ecosystem Services 11, 128-139 Full Text
  • Schulz, C., Ioris, A.A.R., Martin-Ortega, J. & K. Glenk (2015). Prospects for Payments for Ecosystem Services in the Brazilian Pantanal: A Scenario Analysis. Journal of Environment & Development 24, 26-53. Full Text
  • Glenk, K., Eory, V., Colombo, S. & A. Barnes (2014). Adoption of greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture: an analysis of dairy farmers’ perceptions and adoption behaviour. Ecological Economics 108, 49-58. Full Text
  • Adamowicz, W., Glenk, K. & J. Meyerhoff (2014). Choice Modelling Research in Environmental and Resource Economics. In: Hess, S. & A. Daly (eds): Handbook of Choice Modelling. Edward Elgar. Full Text
  • Reed, M.S., Moxey, A., Prager, K., Hanley, N., Skates, J., Bonn, A., Evans, C.D., Glenk, K. & K. Thomson (2014). Improving the link between payments and the provision of ecosystem services in agri-environment schemes. Ecosystem Services 9, 44-53. Full Text
  • Rocamora-Montiel, B., Glenk, K. & S. Colombo (2014). Territorial management contracts as a tool to enhance the sustainability of sloping and mountainous olive orchards: Evidence from a case study in Southern Spain. Land Use Policy 41, 313-324. Full Text
  • Martin-Ortega, J., Allott, E.H., Glenk, K. & M. Schaafsma (2014). Valuing water quality improvements from peatland restoration: Evidence and challenges. Ecosystem Services 9, 34-43. Full Text
  • Reed, M.S., Bonn, A., Evans, C., Glenk, K. & B. Hansjürgens (2014). Assessing and valuing peatland ecosystem services for sustainable management. Ecosystem Services 9, 1-4. Full Text
  • Glenk, K., Schaafsma, M., Moxey, A., Martin-Ortega, J. & N. Hanley (2014). Valuing peatland restoration for spatially targeted ecosystem service delivery. Ecosystem Services 9, 20-33. Full Text
  • Colombo, S. & K. Glenk (2014). Social preferences for agricultural policy instruments: joint consideration of non-attendance to attributes and to alternatives in modelling discrete choice data. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. Full Text
  • Darshini, D., Dwivedi, P.& K. Glenk (2013). Capturing stakeholders´ views on oil palm-based biofuel and biomass utilisation in Malaysia. Energy Policy 62, 1128-1137. Full text
  • Glenk, K. & S. Colombo (2013). Modelling outcome-related risk in choice experiments. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 57, 559-578. Full Text
  • Glenk, K., Hall, C., Liebe, U. & J. Meyerhoff (2012). Preferences of Scotch malt whisky consumers for changes in pesticide use and origin of barley. Food Policy 37, 719-731. Full Text
  • Vinten, A.J.A., Martin-Ortega, J., Glenk, K., Booth, P., Balana, B.B., MacLeod, M., Lago, M., Moran, D. & M. Jones (2012). Application of the WFD cost proportionality principle to diffuse pollution mitigation: a case study for Scottish Lochs. Journal of Environmental Management 97, 28-37. Full Text
  • Glenk, K. (2011). Using local knowledge to model asymmetric preference formation in willingness to pay for environmental services. Journal of Environmental Management 92, 531-541. Full Text
  • Glenk, K. & S. Colombo (2011). How sure can you be? A framework for considering delivery uncertainty in benefit assessments based on stated preference methods. Journal of Agricultural Economics 62, 25-46. Full Text
  • Glenk, K. & S. Colombo (2011). Designing policies to mitigate the agricultural contribution to climate change: an assessment of soil based carbon sequestration and its ancillary effects. Climatic Change 105, 43-66. Full Text
  • Fischer, A. & K. Glenk (2011). One model fits all? On the moderating role of emotional engagement and confusion in the elicitation of preferences for climate change adaptation policies. Ecological Economics 70, 1178-1188. Full Text
  • Glenk, K., Lago, M. & D. Moran (2011). Public preferences for water quality improvements: implications for the implementation of the EC Water Framework Directive in Scotland. Water Policy 13, 645-662. Full Text
  • Glenk, K. & A. Fischer (2010). Insurance, prevention or just wait and see? Public preferences for water management strategies in the context of climate change. Ecological Economics 69, 2279-2291. Full Text
  • Glenk, K., J. Barkmann, & R. Marggraf (2008). The value of ecosystem services and agrobiodiversity in Central Sulawesi. In: Kontoleon, A., U. Pascual, & M. Smale, (eds): Agrobiodiversity, Conservation and Economic Development. London: Routledge Explorations in Environmental Economics.
  • Barkmann, J., K. Glenk, A. Keil, C. Leemhuis, N. Dietrich, G. Gerold, & R. Marggraf (2008). Confronting unfamiliarity with ecosystem functions: The case for an ecosystem service approach to environmental valuation with stated preference methods. Ecological Economics 65, 48-62. Full Text
  • Steffan-Dewenter, I., M. Kessler, J. Barkmann, M. Bos, D. Buchori, S. Erasmi, H. Faust, G. Gerold, K. Glenk, S.R. Gradstein, E. Guhardja, M. Harteveld, D. Hertel, P. Höhn, M. Kappas, S. Köhler, C. Leuschner, M. Maertens, R. Marggraf, S. Migge-Kleian, J. Mogea, R. Pitopang, M. Schaefer, S. Schwarze, S.G. Sporn, A. Steingrebe, S.S. Tjitrosoedirdjo, S. Tjitrosoemito, A. Twele, R. Weber, L. Woltmann, M. Zeller, & T. Tscharntke (2007). Tradeoffs between income, biodiversity, and ecosystem functioning during tropical rainforest conversion and agroforestry intensification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 4973-497. Full Text

Dr Klaus Glenk

Ecosystem Economics Team Leader

Address: Land Economy & Environment, Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC), Peter Wilson Building, Kings Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG.

Telephone: 0131 535 4176

E-mail: klaus.glenk@sruc.ac.uk