Scotland’s Biennial Land Use and the Environment Conference XII

Theme 1: What type of environmental public goods should be prioritised for delivery by land managers in the future?

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KEYNOTE 1: Delivering environmental public goods: reflections on experience and prospects
David Baldock, Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP)

David BaldockDavid Baldock was the Executive Director of IEEP until July 2016 and is now a Senior Fellow. He has had a career in independent policy institutes, working closely with EU and other public institutions and NGOs as well as academics. He joined   the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) in 1984 and became Director in 1998, establishing the Brussels office two years later. His particular expertise is in agriculture and the environment and the way this can be addressed, both in the CAP and in national policy. He has published extensively in this sphere, examining a range of issues including the role of incentives and regulations, cross-compliance, the support for High Nature Value agriculture, the provision of public goods, links to rural development and to food policy. Over the last two years he has led projects on the environmental and agricultural dimensions of Brexit and its aftermath and been an active participant in events on this theme. He was the lead author of a report on post Brexit scenarios for agriculture and their environmental implications commissioned by LUPG, published in 2017.

Associated web link:

https://ieep.eu/publications/potential-implications-of-leaving-the-eu-for-uk-agriculture-and-the-rural-environment

KEYNOTE 2: Brexit and our land: meeting the challenge
Jon Westlake, Welsh Government

Jon WestlakeBy profession John Westlake is a forester. He grew up in deepest rural Mid Wales at a time when most farms were practising mixed agriculture and retain a deep regard for the connections between that form of agriculture and the wider natural environment.  After many years in forestry (including some in Edinburgh!) Jon joined Welsh Government in 2008 to review their current agri-environment schemes.

Following this review I managed the development and introduction of Wales’ current agri-environment scheme, Glastir.

Jon is now Head of Policy for the Land Use Reform team in Welsh Government (having been in the intervening years Head of Sport Policy amongst other things…). The team is working on developing a response to the challenges of Brexit for agriculture, climate change mitigation, water and air quality issues and biodiversity loss. Much of this relies upon creating a profound cultural change amongst the farming community over the next 5-10 years.

Their consultation document can be accessed here: https://beta.gov.wales/support-welsh-farming-after-brexit

Giving people the public goods they demand
Anna Brand, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)

Anna BrandAnna Brand is a Land Use Policy Officer in the Conservation Policy department at RSPB Scotland. Based in Edinburgh, she works on food and farming questions related to nature conservation: how we can design food and land use policies that protect and enhance the natural environment?

Anna works on policy development and advocacy on current and future agriculture and rural policy, especially related to agri-environment schemes. RSPB Scotland is a member of the Scottish Food Coalition, and Anna also works with these partners to advocate for a systemic approach to food through the proposed Good Food Nation Bill.  Anna was previously a graduate placement with Scottish Natural Heritage, working mainly on developing case studies on climate change adaptation in nature reserves and on implementing an ecosystem approach.

Assessing public goods from woodlands: can we see more than wood from the trees?
Darren Moseley, Forest Research

Darren MoseleyDarren Moseley is a spatial ecologist and deputy science group leader with the Land Use and Ecosystem Services (LUES) Science Group at Forest Research. He leads the Science Group’s work on Tools & Applications, focusing on the application of evidence/knowledge and methods/models to tackle forestry and land-use policy and practice questions.

His research focusses on developing and implementing spatial planning for ecosystem services (ES) through the application of scenarios, ecological/green networks and behavioural approaches. He leads FR’s work on ES scenarios, translating and downscaling broad UK NEA outputs to forest management alternatives within forest districts. Darren’s work on Green Network (GN) development contributes to the Central Scotland Green Network (a national development within Scotland’s National Planning Framework) and helps local authorities to direct GN improvements and is being delivered through an ecological network tool for planners and developers. His work on behavioural approaches explores using policy ‘nudges’ to encourage woodland creation and the use of agent-based models for woodland expansion.

Associated articles/reports:

Introducing trees to agricultural landscapes - economic and ecological benefits: a look at some recent action from the UK and France
Kate Holl, Scottish Natural Heritage

Kate HollAfter completing her degree in Ecology at the University of Edinburgh, Kate worked for a few years in Buchan in the far north-east of Scotland for a small tree planting NGO. From this she went to a job with the Nature Conservancy Council, conducting habitat  mapping in Badenoch & Strathspey. In 1991, the Nature Conservancy  Council was split up, and in Scotland became Scottish Natural Heritage and Kate has worked ever since that time as a woodland advisor for SNH. Kate and her husband, and family of 4 daughters, manage a 5 acre small-holding on the edge of  Edinburgh applying organic and biodynamic principals They produce fruit and vegetables and have sheep, chickens and bees. In 2017, Kate was awarded a Winston Churchill Travelling Fellowship which allowed her to gain insight into the impacts of herbivores grazing in native woodlands across a number of European countries.

Associated web link:

Farm nitrogen management for a circular economy and cleaner environment
Bill Bealey, Centre for Ecology & Hyrdology (CEH)

Bill BealeyBill’s research interests lie in the field of air pollution impacts on ecosystems particularly focusing on nitrogen deposition. He provides underpinning atmospheric science support to UK stakeholders including pollution regulators and nature conservation practitioners. His work has included the design and development of application tools, knowledge systems and screening models in the area of impact assessment. In addition he provides guidance and advice on mitigation measures for ammonia emissions from agriculture, and has conducted research into the effects of using trees in the landscape to mitigate against ammonia emissions from livestock practices.  Bill is also an activity lead within the UN Environment project the ‘International Nitrogen Management System (INMS)’, which over the next four years will show how management of the global nitrogen cycle can deliver measurable benefits for oceans, climate, the atmosphere, land ecosystems and global society. 

Associated web link:

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