Japanese quail are kept for both meat and egg production. Deep litter and battery cage systems are used, with the latter predominating.

Unimproved strains mature at 6 weeks with a liveweight of 150g and can produce 240 eggs per annum. Improved strains give meat yields of 230g liveweight, but produce fewer eggs. The food conversion ratio is 2.4:1. The meat is sold either fresh, frozen, smoked or vacuum packed. 

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