Downloads: Technical Notes

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TN636: Control of Sheep Scab and other Ectoparasites of Sheep

In Scotland sheep scab became notifiable to the local Divisional Veterinary Manager of Animal Health under the Sheep Scab (Scotland) Order 2010.

TN488: Organic Vegetables in Scotland

Demand for organic vegetables is increasing steadily but over 80% of UK supply is imported. Imported organic vegetables include types widely grown by conventional growers in Scotland.

TN520: Converting To Organic Farming

Consumer concern over the way food is produced, the effect of farming methods on the environment and animal welfare, and the healthiness of food, is increasing.

TN627: Barley Disease Control

This note contains up to date information about the management of winter and spring barley diseases. New information on varietal resistance, integrated control management fungicide programmes.

TN626: Black-grass: Managing The Risk Under Scottish Conditions

This technical note covers the current black-grass situation in Scotland. It presents a picture where, through climate change, populations could become similar to those in parts of England.

TN624: Weed Control In The Potato Crop

A constantly changing legislative environment has resulted in fewer herbicide options since the last technical note on this subject.

TN623: Fertiliser Recommendations For Soft Fruit And Rhubarb Crops

Nitrogen (N) recommendations for these crops have been updated in the light of results from recent trials and advisory experience.

TN644: Haulm Destruction in Potato Crops

The timely destruction of the potato haulm is important to stop bulking and optimise the yield of a marketable crop of the right specification whether seed or ware.

TN643: Weed Management in Grassland

This technical note describes the most important weeds of grassland and their management. It updates Technical Note 615 with many changes in herbicide approval and labels.

TN642: Tan spot in winter wheat

An outbreak of tan spot, caused by the fungus Pyrenophora triticirepentis occurred in wheat crops in East Lothian, Scotland in 2010 and 2011.

TN641: Utilising Maternal Trait EBVs of Beef Bulls

Beef bulls have a major impact on the quality of the UK suckler herd as all suckler cows are sired by a beef bull.

TN639: Management for bumblebees - how farmers can bring back the buzz

Bumblebees are a crucial insect group for pollination of vegetables, fruit, oilseeds, legumes and fodder crops.

TN638: Diagnosis of Herbicide Damage in Potatoes

Glyphosate is widely used in cereals crops as a harvest aid, to control couch grass, as a desiccant in oilseed rape and to clean up stubbles and fallow land to name but a few uses.

TN634: Ensuring good welfare for out-wintered suckler cows

Studies over several years at SAC and on commercial farms have demonstrated the benefits that can be obtained from out-wintering pregnant suckler cows.

TN633: Phosphorus, potassium, sulphur and magnesium recommendations for cereals, oilseed rape and potatoes

Phosphate, potash, sulphur and magnesium recommendations for cereals, oilseed rape and potatoes updated due to current advances in understanding of soil nutrient management and results from trials.

TN631: Potato Tuber Pests

A Technical Note detailing the identification and integrated control of tuber pests. There are a variety of pests that feed below the soil surface on potato roots and tubers.

TN631: Potato Tuber Pests (393.44 KB, PDF)

TN630: Potato Storage Diseases

Advice on how to increase potato yields and marketability by preventing diseases during storage. Details diseases and how to control/prevent them.

TN629: Management of species rich grasslands

The species-rich grasslands referred to in this Technical Note are the naturally occurring, unimproved grasslands that support a diverse range of wildflowers.

TN628: Land Management For Butterflies

This Technical Note provides guidance on best practice land management to support and encourage butterflies and their habitats.

TN620: Winter Oilseed Rape Pests And Diseases

Winter oilseed rape is affected by a wide range of pests and diseases with new problems beginning to appear as a consequence of changes in pesticide usage and weather patterns.

TN618: Cephalosporium Leaf Stripe In Winter Wheat

Cephalosporium leaf stripe is an increasing problem on farms in Scotland where wheat is grown on short rotations.

TN617: Stockowner Biosecurity

The prevention of infectious disease to livestock farm herds and flocks is more important as margins tighten and exotic diseases threaten.

TN501: Johne's Disease In Cattle

The disease, Crohn’s disease, Diagnosis and diagnostic tests, Prevalence in the UK herd, Significance for the UK dairy herd, Significance for the UK beef herd, Options for control.

TN614: Biodiversity And Animal Health

Both biodiversity and animal health are important issues on livestock farms. Carefuly integrated farm management can benefit both wildlife and livestock and reduce diffuse pollution.

TN500: Leptospira Hardjo Infection In Cattle

Leptospira hardjo infection is associated with infertility and abortion and the weak calf syndrome. Infection is nearly always introduced into a herd by the purchase of infected cattle.

TN612: Ponds For Wildlife - Creation And Restoration

This technical note provides guidance on good practice in the creation and restoration of ponds in Scotland.

TN609: Management Of Grass Weeds In Winter Cereals

Grass weeds are an increasing problem in cottish winter cereals crops. husbandry and herbicidal techniques are described, with particular emphasis on bromes, black-grass, rye-grass and wild-oats.

TN496: Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) And Other Features Of Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) Infection In Cattle

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis is an acute infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that commonly affects cattle aged 6 months or more.

TN607: Winter Wheat Disease Control

Integated management of wheat diseases, including use of varietal resistance, seed treatments and fungicides for cost effective disease control.

TN605: Impact Of Climate Change In Scotland On Crop Pests, Weeds And Disease

Summary of how climate change is likely to affect the pests, weeds and diseases we currently see on Scottish crops, and identify potential 'new' threats that can take advantage of the changed climate.

TN604: Changes In Pests, Weeds & Diseases In Scotland Over The Last 20 Years

The populations of pests, weeds and diseases in Scotland changes over time in response to cropping patterns, varieties, husbandry, rotation, cultivation, pesticide use and climatic changes.

TN603: Soil Dwelling Free-Living Nematodes As Pests Of Crops

Soil dwelling nematode pests are separated into migratory (free-living) and sedentary types, which relates to their ability to move through soil whilst feeding.

TN646: River floodplains and natural flood management on farmed land

Natural flood management involves working to restore natural processes by taking a
catchment wide approach to flood risk management.

TN580: Crop protection in reduced tillage systems

Interest in non-ploughing tillage systems has increased because of the need to reduce costs, to establish winter crops timeously and because of perceived environmental benefits.

TN564: Modifying existing cattle handling systems to improve human safety

Some persistent problems found in Scottish beef handling systems could be overcome by fairly simple modifications to the existing facilities.

TN565: Recommendations for the design of new, safe and efficient cattle handling systems

Constructing a new handling system is a major and long-term investment and it pays to design the system correctly from the start.

TN586: Conservation Grazing Of Semi-Natural Habitats

Most of the habitats that we value for their biodiversity have been maintained or created by human management practices, and in particular, grazing by domestic livestock.

TN610: Ventilation Of Cattle And Sheep Buildings

Effective ventilation is crucial. In cattle and sheep buildings it is usual to rely on natural ventilation to create the required internal climatic conditions for housed livestock.

TN606: Sheep Handling Facilities

Understanding the behaviour of sheep is essential for planning and designing a sheep handling facility as well as incorporating aspects of animal and human welfare and environmental impacts.

TN601: Ergot Disease In Cereals

Ergot management including variety resistance, impact on animals and management of field margins to minimise risk.

TN599: Preventing Lameness In Dairy Cows: Hoof Lesions; Their Identification, Treatment, Management And Prevention

Lameness in every dairy herd can be split into three main categories: claw horn (hoof) lesions, skin lesions and non-foot lameness.

TN598: Perch Designs For Extensive Systems

Perching is a behaviour that the bird performs naturally in the wild.

TN587: Managing Body Condition Scoring in Dairy Cow

Guidance on keeping cows in the correct body condition to ensure good productivity and reduced health and welfare problems.

TN588: Condition Scoring on the Modern Dairy Cow

Guidance on body condition scoring methods and linkages in scoring and fertility and energy balance in the cow

TN574: The Control and Management of Calf Diarrhoea in Beef Herds

Guidance on the causes of the disease, treatment and control measures

TN573: Planned Worm Control for the Beef Herd

Guidance on cost effective treatment programmes

TN553: Minimum Tillage

Guidance on the benefits of this system and what to consider in adopting it

TN:553 Minimum Tillage (102.42 KB, PDF)

TN552: Wheat Bulb Fly and Other Fly Pests of Cereals

Guidance on the risks from pests and techniques to reduce damage in crops

TN551: Pests of Swedes an Turnips - Their Management and Control

Guidance on pests in brassicas and techniques to reduce damage in crops

TN547: Swedes and Turnips - Integrated Weed Management

Guidance on weed competition in swedes and turnips, and both physical and chemical methods of weed control

TN541: Health Status of Breeding Cattle for Sale

Guidance on managing risks of major diseases in cattle for sale

TN519: Management of Wetlands for Wildlife

Guidance on habitat management for the benefit of wildlife

TN515: Conservation Headlands

Guidance on wildlife habitat management on arable land

TN513: Grass Margins and Beetle Banks

Guidance on creating and managing habitats for wildlife

TN596: Spring Barley Weed Control

Guidance on weed control programmes - optimising herbicide use and minimising cost and environmental impacts.

TN595: Woodchip Corrals

Corrals are a relatively low cost option for over-wintering cattle and improve animal welfare and stock performance.

TN595: Woodchip Corrals (452.64 KB, PDF)

TN584: Stem Boring Pests of Winter Oilseed Rape

Highlighting the characteristics and live cycle of pests and best management practices to adopt to prevent damage to crops.

TN582: Managing Set-aside and Fallows for Crop Protection

Guidance on how set-aside and fallow breaks can be used to improve crop protection throughout the rotation.

TN482: Aphids and Aphid-borne Virus Disease in Potatoes

Guidance on the management and control measure that can be taken to prevent crop damage.

TN472: Scrapie - The Clinical Picture

Guidance on the clinical signs and diagnosis and management of the disease.

TN469: Choosing Tyres to Minimise Soil Damage

Guidance on all aspects of choosing alternative tyres to reduce soil damage and compaction.

TN468: Producing Clean Slaughter Cattle

Guidance for producers in all aspects of improving the cleanliness of cattle for slaughter.

TN668 Managing Soil Phosphorus April 2015

A new soil specific approach to P management is presented that takes into account the relationship between differing soils capacity to regulate P availability for plant uptake.

TN669: Ovine Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma (OPA)

OPA is an infectious lung cancer caused by Jaagesieke sheep retrovirus.

Technical Notes sub-categories