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In Scotland sheep scab became notifiable to the local Divisional Veterinary Manager of Animal Health under the Sheep Scab (Scotland) Order 2010.
Demand for organic vegetables is increasing steadily but over 80% of UK supply is imported. Imported organic vegetables include types widely grown by conventional growers in Scotland.
Consumer concern over the way food is produced, the effect of farming methods on the environment and animal welfare, and the healthiness of food, is increasing.
This note contains up to date information about the management of winter and spring barley diseases. New information on varietal resistance, integrated control management fungicide programmes.
This technical note covers the current black-grass situation in Scotland. It presents a picture where, through climate change, populations could become similar to those in parts of England.
A constantly changing legislative environment has resulted in fewer herbicide options since the last technical note on this subject.
Nitrogen (N) recommendations for these crops have been updated in the light of results from recent trials and advisory experience.
The timely destruction of the potato haulm is important to stop bulking and optimise the yield of a marketable crop of the right specification whether seed or ware.
This technical note describes the most important weeds of grassland and their management. It updates Technical Note 615 with many changes in herbicide approval and labels.
An outbreak of tan spot, caused by the fungus Pyrenophora triticirepentis occurred in wheat crops in East Lothian, Scotland in 2010 and 2011.
Beef bulls have a major impact on the quality of the UK suckler herd as all suckler cows are sired by a beef bull.
Bumblebees are a crucial insect group for pollination of vegetables, fruit, oilseeds, legumes and fodder crops.
Glyphosate is widely used in cereals crops as a harvest aid, to control couch grass, as a desiccant in oilseed rape and to clean up stubbles and fallow land to name but a few uses.
Studies over several years at SAC and on commercial farms have demonstrated the benefits that can be obtained from out-wintering pregnant suckler cows.
A Technical Note detailing the identification and integrated control of tuber pests. There are a variety of pests that feed below the soil surface on potato roots and tubers.
Advice on how to increase potato yields and marketability by preventing diseases during storage. Details diseases and how to control/prevent them.
The species-rich grasslands referred to in this Technical Note are the naturally occurring, unimproved grasslands that support a diverse range of wildflowers.
This Technical Note provides guidance on best practice land management to support and encourage butterflies and their habitats.
Winter oilseed rape is affected by a wide range of pests and diseases with new problems beginning to appear as a consequence of changes in pesticide usage and weather patterns.
Cephalosporium leaf stripe is an increasing problem on farms in Scotland where wheat is grown on short rotations.
The prevention of infectious disease to livestock farm herds and flocks is more important as margins tighten and exotic diseases threaten.
Both biodiversity and animal health are important issues on livestock farms. Carefuly integrated farm management can benefit both wildlife and livestock and reduce diffuse pollution.
This technical note provides guidance on good practice in the creation and restoration of ponds in Scotland.
Grass weeds are an increasing problem in cottish winter cereals crops. husbandry and herbicidal techniques are described, with particular emphasis on bromes, black-grass, rye-grass and wild-oats.
Integated management of wheat diseases, including use of varietal resistance, seed treatments and fungicides for cost effective disease control.
Summary of how climate change is likely to affect the pests, weeds and diseases we currently see on Scottish crops, and identify potential 'new' threats that can take advantage of the changed climate.
The populations of pests, weeds and diseases in Scotland changes over time in response to cropping patterns, varieties, husbandry, rotation, cultivation, pesticide use and climatic changes.
Soil dwelling nematode pests are separated into migratory (free-living) and sedentary types, which relates to their ability to move through soil whilst feeding.
Natural flood management involves working to restore natural processes by taking a
catchment wide approach to flood risk management.
Interest in non-ploughing tillage systems has increased because of the need to reduce costs, to establish winter crops timeously and because of perceived environmental benefits.
Some persistent problems found in Scottish beef handling systems could be overcome by fairly simple modifications to the existing facilities.
Constructing a new handling system is a major and long-term investment and it pays to design the system correctly from the start.
Most of the habitats that we value for their biodiversity have been maintained or created by human management practices, and in particular, grazing by domestic livestock.
Effective ventilation is crucial. In cattle and sheep buildings it is usual to rely on natural ventilation to create the required internal climatic conditions for housed livestock.
Understanding the behaviour of sheep is essential for planning and designing a sheep handling facility as well as incorporating aspects of animal and human welfare and environmental impacts.
Clubroot management in brassicas.
Ergot management including variety resistance, impact on animals and management of field margins to minimise risk.
Lameness in every dairy herd can be split into three main categories: claw horn (hoof) lesions, skin lesions and non-foot lameness.
Perching is a behaviour that the bird performs naturally in the wild.
Nitrogen recommendations for cereals, oilseed rape and potatoes.
Guidance on keeping cows in the correct body condition to ensure good productivity and reduced health and welfare problems.
Guidance on body condition scoring methods and linkages in scoring and fertility and energy balance in the cow
Guidance on how best to control the spread of disease.
Guidance on the causes of the disease, treatment and control measures
Guidance on cost effective treatment programmes
Guidance on the benefits of this system and what to consider in adopting it
Guidance on the risks from pests and techniques to reduce damage in crops
Guidance on pests in brassicas and techniques to reduce damage in crops
Guidance on weed competition in swedes and turnips, and both physical and chemical methods of weed control
Guidance on managing risks of major diseases in cattle for sale
Guidance on key weeds, and methods of managing and treating them
Guidance on habitat management for the benefit of wildlife
Guidance on wildlife habitat management on arable land
Guidance on creating and managing habitats for wildlife
Guidance on weed control programmes - optimising herbicide use and minimising cost and environmental impacts.
Corrals are a relatively low cost option for over-wintering cattle and improve animal welfare and stock performance.
Highlighting the characteristics and live cycle of pests and best management practices to adopt to prevent damage to crops.
Guidance on how set-aside and fallow breaks can be used to improve crop protection throughout the rotation.
Guidance on the management and control measure that can be taken to prevent crop damage.
Guidance on all aspects of choosing alternative tyres to reduce soil damage and compaction.
Guidance for producers in all aspects of improving the cleanliness of cattle for slaughter.
A new soil specific approach to P management is presented that takes into account the relationship between differing soils capacity to regulate P availability for plant uptake.
OPA is an infectious lung cancer caused by Jaagesieke sheep retrovirus.
Integrated Pest Management Technical Note 2
Technical Notes sub-categories